Rainfed Areas have always been home to:
- Diverse crop systems that integrate livestock systems
- Diverse and extensive livestock systems well adapted to fluxes in fodder availability
- Household consumption patterns that are diverse including a range of millets, pulses, leafy vegetables, meat etc.
- Have water bodies and aquifers with varying seasonality of filling, due to the highly variable rainfall patterns and that cannot sustain intensive exploitation.
Rainfed Areas at present are characterized by :
Mix of Topographies
Varied Agro-Climatic conditions
Remote locations with poor access institutions
Crop loss due to dry spells
Rainfed Agriculture contributes to:
In spite of the large contribution to agricultural production, much of the agricultural policies and programs developed are highly tilted towards irrigated agriculture and exclude rainfed areas at the design stage.
Agricultural areas where less than 40 percent of the sown area is irrigated are defined as rainfed.
MAP of rainfed and irrigated districts
- This map shows the variation in rainfed districts by representing them with different grades of orange colour.
- Irrigated districts are represented by one shade of blue .
- This shows that several pockets of high rainfedness stand out – one each in western India, central India, eastern India, and north-eastern India.