PROTECTIVE IRRIGATION

WATER FOR SECURING RAINFED CROPS

Ensuring soil moisture at critical growth stages of crops is essential to ensure kharif production in rainfed areas.

Erratic rains and prolonged dry spells during the critical growth stages cause substantial crop loss in rainfed areas. Provisioning for protective irrigation ensures soil moisture management that secures crops during the dry spells and increases production. Protective irrigation investment in rainfed areas is to secure crops of a larger population of rainfed farmers.

Water is the “LIFELINE” of agriculture and ensuring soil moisture at critical stages of rainfed crops are essential to ensure kharif production in rainfed areas

RRA Network’s premise for public investments on water in rainfed areas is based on:

Paradigm shift from “Water as Irrigation” to “Water as Moisture”.

“Value for Drop” – Shifting from Intensive cropping systems to Diversified cropping systems with Protective Irrigation.

Primacy of drinking water for Humans and Animals & for Ecological Restoration.

Participatory Governance to realise the best inclusive-value for water.

 To develop a sense of ownership among the users for sustainability of the infrastructure.

Policy framework to regulate indiscriminate Exploitation of groundwater and strengthening of ground water governance.

Re-enforcing groundwater as “Common Pooled Resource” instead of as “individually owned resource”.

RRAN has piloted the conceptual framework to build dry spell resilience and address crop failure in rainfed agriculture at Anantapur in Andhra Pradesh, Palamau in Jharkhand, Bankura in West Bengal, Malkangiri in Odisha, and Mahabubnagar in Telangana.