MILLETS

The agricultural policies since the 1960s with emphasis on input subsidies for rice and wheat were geared to attain national food security. In rainfed areas, this has led to increasing input costs leading to persistent distress resulting in decline of millet production and consumption, reducing crop diversity and nutritional imbalances.  

As millets are more resilient to drought and climate uncertainties, rainfed areas have traditionally had millets as part of their cropping system and diets. The RRA network is working to bring millets back into the local cropping and production system and consumption at least in the areas where they have traditionally been grown.

  • Millet production is NOT dependent on the use of synthetic fertilizers.
  • Millets are PEST-FREE crops.
  • Millets have a HIGH NUTRITIONAL content.
  • Millets are not just crops but a CROPPING SYSTEM.
  • Most millet fields are inherently BIO-DIVERSE.
  • Millets produce MULTIPLE SECURITY -food, nutrition, fiber, health, livelihood and ecology.
  • Millets are CLIMATE CHANGE RESILIENT crops.

  • Establish seed systems and incentives to increase area and productivity of millets in traditional millet growing regions

  • Evolve value chain to explore new markets and initiatives to promote millets in local diets through inclusion in PDS, mid-day meal and other ICDS programms

Comprehensive Revival of Millets in Rainfed Farming Systems and Household Consumption

About Program :

Comprehensive Revival of Millets, a program of Department of Agriculture, Andhra Pradesh intends to revive millets in rainfed farming systems and household consumption.

Including diverse millets in crop systems, improving productivity, promoting processing enterprises, inclusion of millets in state nutrition programs and promoting markets are the strategic areas of intervention.

The nutritious Millets traditionally occupied substantial part of the diets and crop systems in tribal areas and in the dry rainfed areas of Andhra Pradesh. Government’s focus on promotion of rice in agriculture and in PDS has led to a shift away from millets. Reduction in millets resulted in nutrition imbalances and distorted cropping systems increasing demand on water. Millets are more resilient to climate vulnerability and change and can be cultivated even in marginal lands.

Areas :

He Comprehensive Revival of Millets program will be taken up in two geographically distinct

  • The tribal Mandals of North Coastal districts of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam and East Godavari districts (4 Districts)
  • The predominantly rainfed Mandals in Anantapur, Chittoor and Kurnool region (3 Districts).
  • The program may expand in future to other districts.
THIS PROJECT AIMS TO REACH OUT
20 GPs covering a total of 3000 households in each mandal
 
75,000 households350 Lakhs over 5 years

Special Programme for Promotion of Millets in Tribal Areas

About Program :

The proposed programme envisages reviving of millets in farms and promoting household level consumption. It is expected to improve millet based cropping system in nearly 30000 acre @ 1000 acre per block covering 30 blocks with significant tribal population in 7 districts of southern India.

The programme intends to promote processing and business enterprises in addition to increasing productivity through various agronomic measures. Programme has also research component for assessing impacts and policy development related to millets.

Directorate of Agriculture and Food Production, Government of Odisha is the state nodal agency for the programme. Program Secretariat and Research Secretariat for the programe is anchored by WASSAN and NCDS respectively.

THIS PROJECT AIMS TO REACH OUT
30 blocks in 7 districts1.2 households65.42 crores over 5 years