EXTENSIVE LIVESTOCK SYSTEM
- Lack of timely vaccination and door-step primary health care services resulting in
- Livestock rearers facing considerable loss in income due to high mortality and morbidity RRA Network has been working towards strengthening support services for extensive livestock systems by using natural resources such as
- Crop residues
- Current fallows
- Institutionalizing decentralized community-managed preventive animal healthcare programmes in collaboration with Department of Animal Husbandry.
- Enhancing area-productivity of small ruminant.
- Revival of backyard poultry production with indigenous/desi breeds.
- Documentation and characterization of indigenous livestock population and conservation of native breeds.
RRA Network community-managed preventive animal healthcare programmes include:
- Creating collaboration between Gram Panchayats, livestock rearers’ organisations and Department of Animal Husbandry (DoAH)
- Supply of vaccines against indents and hiring services of trained vaccinators to streamline vaccination services
- Establish systems at block level to enable community organisations to take care of the cost of actual vaccination services and manage them.
- Create sub-block level health-care centres with trained human resources for primary healthcare services
5 point programme to improve area productivity:
- Enabling paid preventive healthcare by local trained para workers in collaboration with DoAH – 1 trained para workers covers 200- 250 households.
- Creating night shelter for goats.
- Biomass intensification through-
- Mixed cropping for feed. supplementation.
- Plantation of fodder trees at homestead land and farm land.
- Plantation in common grazing areas / grazing track / water stream.
- Fodder production in current fallow / tank bed.
Revival of backyard poultry production
To ensure income from backyard poultry, the RRA Network has demonstrated desi backyard poultry programme with following components:
- Create support systems like night shelter, regular paid vaccination and supply of chicks of desi birds. 100 households to maintain 5 hen units throughout the year in each cluster.
- Train local youth/women as vaccinators who provide services on payment basis
Establish desi birds breeding farm enterprises that supply chicks to at least 100 households from 4-5 villages