FISHERIES

Inland fisheries in India have a rich resource base in the form of rivers, canals, reservoirs, tanks and ponds that produce a range of indigenous species. It support 14.5 million people and millions more are employed in ancillary activities.

In rainfed areas, fisheries alongside agriculture can supplement

  • Farmers’ incomes
  • Distribute risk
  • Improve nutrition

ISSUES IN RAINFED FISHERIES

In effect usage and development of WATER BODIES

Non-availability of TIMELY and SPECIES

Conflicting TENURE RIGHTS

Lack of INSTITUTIONAL CREDIT for Small Fish Farmer

Lack of POLICY FRAMEWORK and TECHNICAL SUPPORT

RRA NETWORK’S EXPEIRENCE

  • Special focus and support systems help increase productivityand income by over three times.
  • Area approach to bring all seasonal water bodies under fish production.
  • Development of local value chain for fish production from seed production, nursery, stocking fingerling/yearling.
  • Market access at local level.
  • Institutional credit through fish producer organisation.
  • Building ex-cadre with technical knowledge.

POLICY RECOMMENDATION

  • Develop a national inland fisheries policyfor resource sustenance, to support and strengthen inland fisheries
  • Effective collaboration with the MGNREGS to develop tanks and ponds and to create dead storage, strengthen bunds, etc. with focus on improving productivity
  • Establish fisheries resource and research centres (FRCs)in rainfed areas for technical support and to strengthen primary stakeholder institutions
  • Build primary stakeholder institutions at various levels, crucial to enhancing productivityand sustaining growth, and allocate budget to strengthen existing institutions
  • Provide support and guidance to state governments in changing fisheries policies to involve women as members of cooperativesand newly created bodies
  • Allocate budget to establish hatchers, improve basic infrastructure & access. Design, develop and support innovative approaches and programmesto benefit the landless and other marginalised groups