Inland fisheries in India have a rich resource base in the form of rivers, canals, reservoirs, tanks and ponds that produce a range of indigenous species. It support 14.5 million people and millions more are employed in ancillary activities.
In rainfed areas, fisheries alongside agriculture can supplement
- Farmers’ incomes
- Distribute risk
- Improve nutrition
ISSUES IN RAINFED FISHERIES
In effect usage and development of WATER BODIES
Non-availability of TIMELY and SPECIES
Conflicting TENURE RIGHTS
Lack of INSTITUTIONAL CREDIT for Small Fish Farmer
Lack of POLICY FRAMEWORK and TECHNICAL SUPPORT
RRA NETWORK’S EXPEIRENCE
- Special focus and support systems help increase productivityand income by over three times.
- Area approach to bring all seasonal water bodies under fish production.
- Development of local value chain for fish production from seed production, nursery, stocking fingerling/yearling.
- Market access at local level.
- Institutional credit through fish producer organisation.
- Building ex-cadre with technical knowledge.
- Develop a national inland fisheries policyfor resource sustenance, to support and strengthen inland fisheries
- Effective collaboration with the MGNREGS to develop tanks and ponds and to create dead storage, strengthen bunds, etc. with focus on improving productivity
- Establish fisheries resource and research centres (FRCs)in rainfed areas for technical support and to strengthen primary stakeholder institutions
- Build primary stakeholder institutions at various levels, crucial to enhancing productivityand sustaining growth, and allocate budget to strengthen existing institutions
- Provide support and guidance to state governments in changing fisheries policies to involve women as members of cooperativesand newly created bodies
- Allocate budget to establish hatchers, improve basic infrastructure & access. Design, develop and support innovative approaches and programmesto benefit the landless and other marginalised groups