STATE OF AGRICULTURE
The RRA Network has conducted a National Convention on Revitalising Rainfed Agriculture Network on 14 and 15 February, 2019. ‘Issues and Concerns for Rainfed Agriculture in India: Policy and Budgetary Priorities’ was one of the 13 thematic sessions during the convention. Centre for Youth and Social Development (CYSD), Bhubaneswar, in collaboration with Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability (CBGA India), Delhi, Pragati Abhiyan, Maharashtra, and India Foundation for Humanistic Development (IFHD), Karnataka, have analysed India’s, Odisha’s, Maharashtra’s and Karnataka’s Budget (annual) from rainfed agriculture perspective. Their analyses were presented as factsheets at the convention. The factsheets provide insights on where and how the money is being spent.
Karnataka is one of the pioneering States in the country to have adopted the Model APMC Act mooted by the Government of India to bring in reforms in Agriculture Marketing
- The State ranks 6th and 8th position in marine and inland fish production respectively in the country.
- Karnataka has implemented a special scheme called the Krishi Bhagya Scheme with the primary objective to improve rainfed agriculture scenario with the efficient management of rain water, to enhance the farm productivity. Progress achieved under the scheme from 2014-15 to 2018-19 (up to December-18 end) 2.41 lakh farm ponds and 2460 polyhouses are constructed. Totally 2.44 lakh farmers have received the benefits of the scheme.
- 2018 marked the introduction of a number of schemes like Raitha Belaku, Ground nut growing special package, Krishi Prerana programme, Israel model irrigation programme, Nandini and e-marketing schemes, Integrated Horticulture Development programme through Public Private Partnership (PPP-IHD).
Maharashtra contributed to half the country’s production, 42% of Jowar, 21% of Cotton, 29% of Sugarcane and 30% of Onion during 2013-2014.
- The agriculture and allied activities contributes to 11% of State’s income.
- State has emerged as important producer of fruits– Mango, Cashew nuts, Pomegranate, Banana, Grapes and Orange and vegetables – Onion, Chilli.
- The Agriculture in State is predominantly rainfed. The State has 24% of drought prone area of the country.
- First State to design and start a Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme in 1972, which then became an Act in 1977.
Odisha bagged with “Krishi Karman Award” four times during 2010-11, 2012-13, 2013-14 and 2014-15 for highest
production of food grains in the country.
- Odisha, among the few states to have brought in a “Separate Agriculture Budget” since 2013-14.
- A separate Agri-Cabinet has been placed since 2016 to look into hurdles faced by the farming sector
- The Department of Agriculture renamed as the “Department of Agriculture and Farmer’s Empowerment
- Two new programmes introduced one for “Promotion of Millets in Tribal Areas”, and another for “Promotion of Integrated Farming in Tribal Areas”, in 2016-17 to provide remunerative price to farmers growing millets.
- The state has drafted an Organic Farming Policy with a special focus on rainfed agriculture.
- The launch of “Odisha Millet Mission”, an even more encouraging initiative to promote nutritional security and rain-fed farming with an outlay of Rs 100 Cr in 2018-19 for 55 blocks, of 11 districts, to benefit 5 lakh largely tribal farmers of rain deficit areas.
- Odisha is the first state to release indigenous Paddy seed variety (Kalachampa) into seed supply system.